While the global economy is only 8.6% circular, our cement already has on average 22% recycled content. We have cement operations with products including up to 85% recycled materials and substituting close to 100% of their energy needs by alternative sources. We are working in a number of critical areas along the entire value chain to decouple our growth from our use of natural resources.
Following the waste hierarchy, we treated 46 Mt in 2020:
- We recycled construction and demolition waste into new building products,
- We recycled industrial by-products into low-emission raw materials,
- We powered our sites with energy drawn from materials at the end of their lifecycle.
Our actions today focus on the following activities: